Volume 2, Issue 1 (Autumn 2023)                   CPR 2023, 2(1): 3-18 | Back to browse issues page


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Habibnejad F, Elyasi F, Nikbakht R, Shahhosseini Z. The Factors Related to Gender Role Attitudes in Men and Women: A Narrative Review. CPR 2023; 2 (1) :3-18
URL: http://cpr.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-71-en.html
Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
Abstract:   (180 Views)
Background and Objective: Attitudes towards gender role, like the attitudes towards the division of household work, marriage, work, and gender affairs, have a significant impact on social life. This study aims to review the factors related to gender role attitude in women and men. 
Materials & Methods: In this narrative review study, a search in Google, ProQuest, MagIran, SID, PubMed, Google Scholar, library of Cochrane, IranDoc, Scopus, and Web of Science databases were first conducted using keywords in Persian and English for related articles published from 1998 to 2023. The included articles were research articles, descriptive studies, and review studies with a focus on factors related to gender role attitudes. Finally, after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria and removing duplicates, 22 articles were selected for the review. 
Results: The results were categorized into two groups of psychological factors (parents’ behaviors, personality, sexual abuse), and social factors (infertility, employment, gender, ethnicity).
Conclusion: Considering the importance of gender role attitudes and given that the change in attitude is a multifaceted phenomenon and is affected by several factors, interventions are needed to improve the gender role attitude in societies. 
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Type of Study: review | Subject: Psychology
Received: 2022/12/11 | Accepted: 2023/03/2 | Published: 2023/08/1

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